Vaccinations

Vaccinations
An Ounce of Prevention Is Worth A Pound Of Cure!

West Nile
– Virus is spread by mosquitoes
– Causes neurological signs and is often fatal
– Infected mosquitoes also pose a threat to humans, but humans cannot contract the disease from infected horses
– We recommend all horses receive the initial series of the vaccine (2 shots 30 days apart) and annually in the spring thereafter. Vaccination in 4-6 months may be required depending on prevalence of disease and the mosquito population.

Strangles
– Caused by a bacteria which is rapidly spread from horse to horse, usually via respiratory secretions
– Results in fever, swollen lymph nodes, nasal discharge, difficulty breathing and swallowing, depression and, if severe, can cause death
– This bacteria can survive for 30 days in water and 7 days on surfaces in the environment, so infected horses should be strictly isolated
– We recommend vaccination annually with either an intranasal or an intramuscular product, or every 6 months for horses that travel or are in boarding situations.

Influenza
– Highly contagious respiratory disease characterized by coughing, fever, nasal discharge, depression and muscle soreness
– Vaccination can prevent or greatly reduce severity of symptoms associated with this disease
– We recommend that all horses should be vaccinated in the spring and fall (or every 3-4 months if traveling or showing)
– Both intramuscular and intranasal vaccinations are available

Rhinopneumonitis
– Caused by two types of equine herpes virus and effects the upper respiratory tract
– Rhino is highly contagious and is spread from horse to horse via respiratory secretions or aerosolized particles
– We recommend that all horses should be vaccinated in the spring and fall ( or every 3-4 months in traveling or showing)

Encephalomyelitis
– Caused by two viruses (Eastern Encephalitis and Western Encephalitis) which are spread by mosquitoes
– The disease causes symptoms associated with the central nervous system and can be fatal
– We recommend that all horses should be vaccinated for both Eastern and Western Encephalitis yearly in the spring, consider a booster in the fall if traveling to warmer climate

Tetanus
– Caused by bacteria which can be found everywhere in the environment
– This disease causes central nervous system signs along with extreme muscular rigidity and paralysis
– Usually fatal once contracted
– We recommend that all horses should be vaccinated yearly; horses with cuts or abrasions may need a booster shot

Rabies
– Caused by a virus and is shed in bodily secretions, especially saliva
– Skunks and bats are the most common carriers of rabies in Minnesota
– Rabies is always fatal in animals an can be spread to people by infected horses
– We recommend that all horses should be vaccinated yearly

Potomac Horse Fever
– Caused by a bacteria
– Symptoms can include fever, diarrhea, colic, abortion, founder, and death
– Believed to infect horses by ingestion of aquatic insects (Caddisflies, Mayflies, Damselflies, Dragonflies, Stoneflies)
– We recommend vaccinating yearly in the spring, consider a booster in the fall if traveling to a warmer climate

Note: Any vaccination given to your horse for the first time will need a 30 day booster.

 


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